Is Bangladesh doing enough to protect workers? | Workers’ Rights

Video Length 01 minutes 40 seconds

Industrial accidents are too widespread in Bangladesh.

Within the newest incident, dozens of individuals had been killed in a hearth and explosion at a container port close to town of Chattogram.

A whole lot had been critically wounded.

Docs say most individuals died within the explosion or from inhaling poisonous chemical fumes.

It’s estimated industrial accidents have killed greater than 2,000 individuals within the nation throughout the previous 20 years.

So are corporations and the federal government doing sufficient to guard employees?

Presenter: Hashem Ahelbarra


Khondaker Golam Moazzem – analysis director, Centre for Coverage Dialogue assume tank

Ben Vanpeperstraete – senior authorized adviser, European Centre for Constitutional and Human Rights

Stephen Cotton – basic secretary, Worldwide Transport Employees’ Federation

Diabetes drug leads to notable weight loss in people with obesity – study | Medical research

A weekly dose of a diabetes drug seems to result in important weight reduction in individuals with weight problems, in a improvement specialists have hailed as gamechanging.

Weight problems causes 1.2 million deaths in Europe every year, in accordance with the World Well being Group, and the UK has one of many worst weight problems charges.

Efforts to deal with the illness have lengthy been targeted on weight loss plan and train, however many individuals who drop pounds this fashion discover they regain it over time.

Now researchers say a diabetes drug, used alongside such interventions, may help individuals with weight problems. Contributors in a 72-week trial misplaced as a lot as 20% of their physique weight.

Writing within the New England Journal of Medication, a global crew report that they randomly cut up 2,539 chubby or overweight contributors into 4 equal teams.

One group was supplied a self-administered placebo injection as soon as every week for 72 weeks, whereas the opposite three teams had been supplied both 5mg, 10mg or 15mg of a drug known as tirzepatide. All contributors had been additionally given common life-style counselling classes to assist them keep on with low-calorie meals and at the very least 150 minutes of bodily exercise every week.

On common, contributors had a physique weight of 104.8kg, or 16.5 stone, with 94.5% deemed overweight. The bulk had been white and feminine, and none had diabetes.

The outcomes from those that caught to the assigned intervention – virtually 82% of the pattern – reveal that on the finish of the 72-week interval contributors given 5mg of tirzepatide every week misplaced a median of 16.1kg, these given 10mg misplaced a median of twenty-two.2kg and people given the 15mg a median of 23.6kg. These given a placebo injection misplaced a median of two.4kg.

The crew add that amongst these assigned the very best dose of tirzepatide, 91% of contributors misplaced 5% or extra of their physique weight, in contrast with 35% of these assigned the placebo. Fifty-seven per cent of these assigned the very best dose misplaced 20% or extra of their physique weight in contrast with 3% of these assigned the placebo.

“We must always deal with weight problems as we deal with any power illness – with efficient and protected approaches which goal underlying illness mechanisms – and these outcomes underscore that tirzepatide could also be doing simply that,” mentioned Dr Ania Jastreboff of Yale College, the lead writer of the analysis, which was offered through the American Diabetes Affiliation 82nd Scientific Classes.

The examine comes after the UK’s Nationwide Institute for Well being and Care Excellence (Good) accepted the usage of one other drug, semaglutide, for sure teams of individuals with weight problems in February.

Prof Rachel Batterham, an weight problems skilled at College Faculty London who was not concerned within the work, mentioned that like semaglutide, tirzepatide labored by mimicking hormones within the physique that assist individuals really feel full after consuming and which are sometimes at low ranges in individuals with weight problems.

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Whereas semaglutide mimics only one hormone, nevertheless, tirzepatide mimics two, doubtlessly explaining why the latter seems to have a larger impact.

“Weight reduction is about bettering an individual’s well being. If you wish to enhance the actually tough problems of weight problems, then you definitely want 15-20% weight reduction. If you wish to enhance someone’s coronary heart failure or do away with their obstructive sleep apnoea, cut back their danger of dying from heart problems, then we’d like a lot larger weight reduction that we are able to obtain and maintain with weight loss plan alone,” Batterham mentioned.

Tom Sanders, professor emeritus of vitamin and dietetics at King’s Faculty London mentioned greater doses of tirzepatide led to extra weight reduction, however they triggered extra unintended effects, primarily nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea, whereas a significant concern with this class of drug had been its results on the pancreas.

“This class of medication solely works offering the contributors keep on with the lowered calorie weight loss plan prescribed with the drug so it isn’t a magic bullet,” he mentioned.

Dr Simon Cork, a senior lecturer in physiology at Anglia Ruskin College, additionally mentioned there have been challenges.

“These medication are gamechanging for the weight problems discipline however they may solely work for so long as the drug is being taken,” he mentioned. “Present steering to Good relating to semaglutide is to take the drug for a most of two years, after which it received’t be supplied once more. We all know that that is very more likely to end in a reversal of the burden loss results for many individuals, the identical is probably going true for tirzepatide.”

Naveed Sattar, a professor of metabolic drugs on the College of Glasgow, who was not concerned within the work, mentioned the most recent findings had been excellent news.

He mentioned, nevertheless, that like semaglutide, tirezpatide could be costly for a few years and its use would initially be restricted.

“The emergence of those new medication doesn’t imply individuals ought to ditch existence because it is much better to stop weight problems within the first place than deal with it at a late stage when quite a lot of injury has already been executed,” he mentioned.

“Fortuitously, strategies to assist individuals enhance their weight loss plan are evolving as we be taught what works higher. However in fact, bettering the meals surroundings would have the largest influence of all so ought to stay a spotlight for the federal government.”

‘unicorn’ fossil could shed light on puzzle

Artists impression of two fighting male Discokeryx xiezhi giraffoids.

An artist’s impression of the traditional giraffoid Discokeryx xiezhi, which had a thick headpiece tailored for combating.Credit score: Y. Wang and X. Guo

How did the giraffe get its lengthy neck? Researchers say a species of giraffoid that lived hundreds of thousands of years in the past in China may make clear this puzzler. The animal, named after a legendary unicorn-like creature, had a thick headpiece optimized for high-speed head-bashing fights1.

The giraffe’s neck has intrigued researchers for many years. There needs to be purpose for the extraordinary size, as a result of it causes hardship. A giraffe’s coronary heart must pump blood 2 metres as much as the top, which requires a hypertension and administration to keep away from fainting or stroke. “It’s superbly tailored to this, nevertheless it’s an enormous value,” says Rob Simmons, a behavioural ecologist on the College of Cape City in South Africa, who was not concerned within the examine.

One prevailing idea is that giraffes advanced longer necks to achieve increased bushes for meals. “That is extensively believed; it’s actually entrenched,” says Simmons. This is sensible, however isn’t so simple as it sounds — analysis has proven that giraffes are inclined to eat from decrease ranges2, and tall giraffes aren’t extra prone to survive drought3, when meals competitors is highest. One other concept is that giraffes advanced longer necks for sexual competitors, with male giraffes partaking in violent neck-swinging fights and longer necks attracting mates. This “necks for intercourse” idea is typically contested by the truth that males don’t have longer necks than females4. “It been very troublesome for the normal giraffe researchers to just accept this sexual choice concept,” says Simmons.

The traditional giraffoid’s fossilized stays, described on 2 June in Science1, add some extra knowledge to the controversy.

Head-bashing beast

Co-author Jin Meng first came upon a cranium with 4 vertebrae mendacity on the sands of the Junggar Basin in northern China, again in 1996. “He cried: ‘An odd beast!’,” says Shi-Qi Wang, a palaeontologist on the Chinese language Academy of Sciences Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology in Beijing. Over twenty years, Meng and colleagues discovered greater than 77 fossils of the identical species, together with one other 2 skulls and a few tooth.

They describe the specimen as a beforehand unknown giraffe relative that lived within the Miocene, about 16.9 million years in the past. It in all probability seemed extra just like the short-necked African Okapi (Okapia johnstoni) than a giraffe, and had a 5-cm thick arduous construction on the highest of its head fabricated from layers of keratin. They named it Discokeryx xiezhi after the xiezhi, a unicorn-like creature in Chinese language mythology. “This legend would possibly derive from some fossil giraffoids,” speculates Wang. The animal’s advanced head and neck bone construction exhibits that it was “exquisitely tailored for energy and energy to help male–male fight,” says Simmons, to compete for and impress potential mates.

The brand new giraffoid suits right into a household tree with a plethora of species that had unusual headgear. Wang and colleagues map out greater than a dozen sorts of helmets and horns in giraffoids and their shut relations.

Wang thinks that as ancestral giraffoids left the forest and entered grasslands, they fought ever-more fiercely with their necks, which grew longer as their combating type advanced. However excessive foraging in all probability additionally had a job, he says.

Paleoungulate biologist Nikos Solounias on the New York Institute of Expertise School of Osteopathic Medication in Outdated Westbury is just not satisfied that the newly described headbutting ruminant is a very shut relative of recent giraffes or can inform us a lot about their necks. “All ruminants combat with their horns and neck,” he says. “Giraffes combat in a different way; they’ve a distinct evolutionary historical past.” However Simmons argues that the work exhibits sexual choice having a powerful position within the neck form of an ancestral giraffoid, which opens the door for it to be “equally seemingly” for contemporary giraffes. “This paper goes to open folks’s eyes that we must always take this sexual choice idea severely,” says Simmons.

How can Brittney Griner be freed from Russian detention? | TV Shows

On Monday, June 6 at 19:30 GMT:
It has been greater than 100 days since US basketball star Brittney Griner was detained in Russia.

Authorities there allege that Griner flew into Moscow on February 17 with  vape cartridges containing hashish oil in her baggage. She is accused of smuggling important quantities of a narcotic substance – an offence punishable by as much as 10 years in jail.

On Might 13 Griner attended a Russian court docket, the place her pretrial detention was prolonged by one other month. That ruling got here days after the US State Division mentioned Griner had been “wrongfully detained“.

Earlier than the State Division’s declaration, Griner’s household and the Ladies’s Nationwide Basketball Affiliation (WNBA) had not commented intimately about her detention, frightened that publicity might make her scenario worse amid ever-worsening rising political tensions between Russia and the US.

Now Griner’s spouse, WNBA gamers, and the gamers’ union have tweeted broadly about her detention and have demanded her fast launch. But there may be little different media protection of Griner’s case.

A latest prisoner swap noticed US citizen Trevor Reed launched from jail in alternate for a Russian pilot, and now some consultants say Russia might try to discount for the discharge of arms seller Viktor Bout – also called “the Service provider of Loss of life” – who’s serving a 25-year jail sentence within the US.

On this episode we’ll comply with up on Griner’s case, and ask: if a marketing campaign to launch her is underway, then why are US politicians and main athletes in different sports activities nonetheless silent?

On this episode of The Stream, we’re joined by:
Danielle Gilbert, @_danigilbert
Assistant Professor Division of Navy & Strategic Research, U.S. Air Pressure Academy

Severe Covid cases ‘more likely in highly polluted areas’ | Coronavirus

Individuals who contract Covid-19 usually tend to undergo extreme signs if they’ve been uncovered to air air pollution for lengthy durations.

A research discovered that individuals who reside in locations the place there are excessive ranges of the atmospheric pollutant nitrogen dioxide had increased possibilities of ending up in intensive care items (ICUs) or of needing mechanical air flow after that they had caught Covid.

Nitrogen dioxide is launched into the ambiance when fossil fuels are burned, and the fuel is thought to have dangerous results on individuals’s lungs. Particularly, endothelial cells – which type a skinny membrane lining the within of the center and blood vessels – develop into broken, and this inhibits the switch of oxygen from inhaled breath to an individual’s blood.

“Our outcomes present a constructive affiliation between long-term nitrogen dioxide publicity and Covid-19 fatality and Covid-19 incidence price,” mentioned the workforce of German researchers, who had been led by Susanne Koch, of Universitätsmedizin Berlin, a big educating hospital.

Scientists had beforehand made hyperlinks between Covid and air air pollution, however few research have targeting instances that had been significantly extreme or on underlying well being situations in these affected by the illness.

Koch and her workforce used air air pollution information to calculate common ranges of nitrogen dioxide for every county in Germany. The best was present in Frankfurt, whereas the bottom was skilled in Suhl, a small county in Thuringia, the group revealed in its report, which was offered final week to Euroanaesthesia, the annual assembly of the European Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care in Milan.

The group additionally studied information on what number of Covid sufferers in German hospitals had required ICU therapy and mechanical air flow throughout one month in 2020. These figures had been adjusted for different components, akin to pre-existing well being situations.

After analysing their outcomes, the workforce reported that on common, 28 ICU beds and 19 ventilators had been wanted for Covid sufferers in every of the ten counties that had the bottom long-term nitrogen dioxide publicity. These figures contrasted with a mean of 144 ICU beds and 102 ventilators wanted within the 10 counties with the best long-term publicity.

Exhaust fumes
75% of city areas within the UK had unlawful ranges of air air pollution in 2019. {Photograph}: Alex_Ishchenko/Getty Photographs/iStockphoto

The analysis has worrying implications. Within the UK, 75% of city areas in 2019 had unlawful ranges of air air pollution, underscoring the truth that the British authorities has made virtually no progress on authorized obligations that ought to have been met in 2010. Throughout lockdown, there was a brief lower in nitrogen in some areas. Nonetheless, site visitors and air pollution are returning to previous ranges in lots of cities and cities.

Based on the Royal Faculty of Physicians, air air pollution causes the equal of 40,000 early deaths a yr, and has been linked to most cancers, bronchial asthma, stroke and coronary heart illness, diabetes, weight problems and adjustments linked to dementia. Now proof is mounting that Covid must be added to this record.

The German research didn’t show a causative relationship between air air pollution and extreme Covid, the researchers admitted. Nonetheless, they did recommend a believable causal hyperlink that might clarify the connection between extreme Covid and ranges of nitrogen dioxide within the ambiance.

Coronavirus is thought to bind to the Ace-2 receptor when it enters cells after infecting an individual. This receptor has many key roles, considered one of which entails serving to the physique to manage ranges of angiotensin II, a protein that will increase irritation. In different phrases, Ace-2 helps to place the brakes on irritation.

Nonetheless, when Covid binds to Ace-2, these brakes are eliminated. Additionally it is identified that air air pollution causes an identical launch of controls over angiotensin II. So the mixture of Covid and long-term air air pollution publicity would result in extra extreme irritation, extra extreme Covid and extra want for ICUs and mechanical air flow, the workforce argued.

“Publicity to ambient air air pollution can contribute a variety of different situations, together with coronary heart assaults, strokes, bronchial asthma and lung most cancers, and can proceed to hurt well being lengthy after the Covid-19 pandemic ends,” added Koch. “A transition to renewable vitality, clear transportation and sustainable agriculture is urgently wanted to enhance air high quality. Decreasing emissions gained’t simply assist to restrict local weather disaster, it would enhance the well being and the standard of life of individuals all over the world.”