Australia beat Peru on penalties to reach Qatar World Cup 2022 | Qatar 2022 News

Substitute goalkeeper Redmayne the hero for Australia who sealed their World Cup place for the fifth successive time.

Australia’s substitute goalkeeper Andrew Redmayne saved the final penalty to safe his nation a spot at this yr’s World Cup in Qatar as they edged Peru 5-4 in a shoot-out following a 0-0 draw after additional time in an intercontinental qualifying playoff on Monday.

Redmayne danced throughout the aim line earlier than diving to the correct to cease a kick from Alex Valera and hand Australia’s soccer crew, dubbed the Socceroos, the win that sealed their fifth successive World Cup look.

Redmayne was introduced on by the Australian coach as the sport inched in the direction of penalty kicks.

The playoff between the Asian and South American qualifiers had been goalless after 120 minutes and was solely determined when Valera missed his facet’s sixth penalty, giving Australia the win on the Ahmad Bin Ali Stadium in Doha.

Australia's Andrew Redmayne celebrates.
Australia’s Redmayne celebrates after saving a penalty throughout the shoot-out [Mohammed Dabbous/Reuters]

The winners, forty second on this planet rankings, claimed their sixth ticket to the World Cup and a Group D opening match towards defending champions France on November 22.

Peru, twenty second in FIFA’s listing and who beat Australia 2-0 on the 2018 World Cup group stage, have been roared on by 10,000 followers, most of whom had flown midway across the globe for the playoff solely to see a irritating encounter between the rivals.

Australia’s Martin Boyle missed his facet’s first penalty however all have been then profitable.

Aaron Mooy prepares to kick the ball. [Showkat Shafi/Al Jazeera]
The 2 sides performed to a 0-0 attract additional time earlier than transferring on to the shoot-out [Showkat Shafi/Al Jazeera]

It was a tragic finish to the night for the Peru followers who outnumbered their Australian opponents.

Daphne Beraun, a Peru fan who had travelled to Doha from London for the sport, stated his facet “deserved to win”.

“We simply couldn’t end the probabilities we had. I’m nonetheless happy with this crew. All of Peru shall be right now. However it’s unhappy,” he instructed Al Jazeera.

They stayed again effectively after the ultimate spot kick was saved, singing and dancing even after the gamers had walked down the tunnel.

The loss meant Peru will miss out on successive World Cups.

A female Peru supporter wipes tears away.
There have been virtually 10,000 Peru supporters on the match in Qatar [Showkat Shafi/Al Jazeera]
A dejected Peru fan holding his head in his hands.
Dejected Peru supporters after their facet’s loss [Showkat Shafi/Al Jazeera]

Seals use whiskers to track prey in deep ocean, study shows | Marine life

When they’re within the deep, darkish ocean, seals use their whiskers to trace down their prey, a research has confirmed after observing the ocean mammals of their pure habitat.

It’s arduous for mild to penetrate the gloom of the ocean’s depths, and animals have give you a wide range of diversifications in an effort to reside and hunt there. Whales and dolphins, for instance, use echolocation – the artwork of sending out clicky noises into the water and listening to their echo as they bounce off doable prey, to find them. However deep-diving seals who don’t have those self same acoustic projectors will need to have evolutionarily discovered to deploy one other sensory method.

Scientists have lengthy hypothesised that the key weapons are their lengthy, cat-like whiskers, conducting over 20 years of experiments with synthetic whiskers or captive seals blindfolded in a pool, given the difficulties of instantly observing the hunters within the tenebrous depths of the ocean.

Now a research could have confirmed the speculation, in accordance with Taiki Adachi, assistant undertaking scientist of College of California, Santa Cruz, and one of many lead authors of the research printed in Proceedings of the Nationwide Academy of Science. Adachi and his group positioned small video cameras with infrared night-vision on the left cheek, decrease jaw, again and head of 5 free-ranging northern elephant seals, the Mirounga angustirostris, in Año Nuevo state park in California. They recorded a complete of roughly 9 and a half hours of deep sea footage throughout their seasonal migration.

Adachi and his group positioned small video cameras with infrared night-vision on the left cheek, decrease jaw, again and head of 5 free-ranging northern elephant seals, the Mirounga angustirostris, in Año Nuevo state park in California. They recorded a complete of roughly 9 and a half hours of deep sea footage throughout their seasonal migration.

By analysing the movies the scientists famous that diving seals held again their whiskers for the preliminary a part of their dives and, and as soon as they reached a depth appropriate for foraging, they rhythmically whisked their whiskers forwards and backwards, hoping to sense any vibration attributable to the slightest water actions of swimming prey. (Elephant seals wish to snack on squid and fishes, and spend a very long time out at sea.) Then, on their swim again to the floor, the whiskers have been curled again in the direction of the face once more.

For lower than 1 / 4 of the time the seals have been looking, they might additionally see some bioluminescence – the sunshine that some creatures deep underwater can emit because of chemical substances of their our bodies – to trace down their meals utilizing sight. However for the remaining 80% of their looking spree, they have been presumably simply utilizing their whiskers, in accordance with Adachi. This method isn’t dissimilar to rodents, Adachi famous. It’s simply that, since water is far denser than air, the whisking pace is far slower in elephant seals.

“This is smart,” stated Sascha Kate Hooker, a pinniped researcher from the Sea Mammal Analysis Unit at College of St Andrews, who was not concerned within the research. “Among the many deep-diving marine mammals, the elephant seal reaches the identical depths as sperm and beaked whales, usually properly over a kilometre under the floor.”

Guido Dehnhardt, the director of the Marina Science Middle on the College of Rostock, and a pioneer in whisker-research who was not concerned within the analysis, welcomed the findings however was cautious about how a lot new info they represented. “It was my group who had proven greater than 20 years in the past that the seal’s whiskers symbolize a hydrodynamic receptor system, and that the seals can use it, for instance, to detect and observe the hydrodynamic trails of fish,” Dehnhardt stated.

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The research is especially fascinating from a technical perspective, particularly with regard to the cameras used being so small, stated Dehnhardt, however there’s nonetheless an excessive amount of hypothesis. “It could be an incredible story if the seals along with a head-mounted digital camera wore a hydrodynamic measurement system [a machine that can measure the movement of fluids] in order that whisker actions and hydrodynamic occasions could possibly be correlated.”

In future Adachi wish to begin evaluating how different mammals use their whiskers, in an effort to higher perceive how some animals’ whisker superpower has formed the foraging habits of the animal kingdom.

where robots do the research

As a chemistry PhD scholar, Dmytro Kolodieznyi was used to working experiments. However in early 2018, his analysis advisers requested him to participate in a single run by robots as an alternative.

They needed Kolodieznyi, who was growing intracellular fluorescent probes at Carnegie Mellon College in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to spend a month trying to recreate his analysis at Emerald Cloud Lab (ECL). The biotechnology firm in South San Francisco, California, permits scientists to carry out wet-laboratory experiments remotely in an automatic analysis atmosphere referred to as a cloud lab. If the trial went effectively, it will assist pave the way in which to the broader use of cloud labs on the college.

In contrast to in his Pittsburgh lab, the place Kolodieznyi and his fellow college students performed their very own experiments, the workhorses at ECL’s 1,400-square-metre headquarters had been rows of machines run by strains of code issued by researchers all over the world, with occasional help from waist-high white robots that whirred across the room. There have been lots of of machines at work, however just one or two human technicians had been wanted to handle the complete course of.

It took only one week of hands-on time for Kolodieznyi to copy a number of years of his PhD analysis — every thing from natural synthesis of fluorescent tags to superior microscopy. He says that he solely scratched the floor of the corporate’s capabilities, which embrace cell tradition, DNA synthesis, liquid chromatography and structural-analysis strategies, resembling mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance. However the expertise left its mark: in 2020, after incomes his PhD, he joined the corporate as a scientific developer.

Kolodieznyi’s constructive suggestions, along with disruptions to analysis in 2020 because of the COVID-19 pandemic, led Carnegie Mellon College to take a position US$40 million in a partnership with ECL to construct a Pittsburgh-based cloud lab — the primary such facility to be inbuilt an instructional setting. Building of the Carnegie Mellon College Cloud Lab started in November 2021, and it’s set to open in mid-2023. The college’s college members, workers and college students can have precedence entry to the lab, so each researcher there has the possibility to make use of the expertise, in response to Rebecca Doerge, the Glen de Vries Dean of the college’s Mellon School of Science.

Teachers, small start-up companies and massive pharma are more and more turning to cloud labs as a part of a pattern to outsource work. The strategy is like “having a laboratory that’s working 24/7”, says Germano Coppola, government director of analysis and improvement on the biotechnology agency CSL Behring in Melbourne, Australia, which is a shopper of ECL’s.

Cloud labs present “great potential for scientists to generate plenty of information with out even having to enter a lab,” he says.

The digital bench

ECL co-founders Brian Frezza and D. J. Kleinbaum didn’t got down to flip the lab bench digital. Pals as youngsters, the pair attended Carnegie Mellon, and in 2010, they based Emerald Therapeutics in South San Francisco to deal with growing antiviral medicine. However Frezza and Kleinbaum spent a lot of their time attempting to get the equipment of their new lab to work. Their resolution was an ever-expanding set of laptop codes to handle the tools and run round the clock experiments. Frezza observed not solely a rise in productiveness from the set-up, but in addition an increase in reproducibility.

“I used to be turning experiments into code,” Frezza says. “On the finish of the day, there’s no ambiguity on this textual content, I can push a button and reproduce it.”

The pair realized that different labs may benefit from this digital system, and shaped ECL that very same yr to promote subscription entry to their tools and software program. One of the simplest ways to think about it, Frezza says, is just like the streaming companies Netflix or Spotify for the lab. Simply as customers of these companies pay for entry to a digital library of digital content material with out ever buying a track or tv episode, ECL and different cloud labs present entry to an unlimited warehouse of kit with out having to take a position any capital.

Researchers can go online to the ECL dashboard and specify what experiments they need to conduct and when; configure the tools to their liking; make changes alongside the way in which; and get dwell progress updates on their experiments and watch the method on video. A man-made-intelligence-based ‘knowledgeable’ acts as a extremely expert technician, giving customers the flexibility to tweak default values and establish points that may halt experiments.

Close up on a robotic arm in the Strateos San Diego Smart Lab.

One of many robots at a Strateos lab facility.Credit score: Strateos, Inc.

ECL offers three ranges of entry, based mostly on what number of experiments customers want to run without delay. The bottom tier permits three to run in parallel and begins at $24,000 monthly. It’s not low cost, Frezza admits, however in contrast with the price of shopping for the tools, he says it saves researchers cash in the long term. Strateos, which has a cloud lab in Menlo Park, California, customizes its entry ranges and pricing, permitting customers to tailor their expertise to their price range.

For Coppola and CSL Behring, cloud labs present what’s successfully a 24-hour service. Coppola sends his samples and reagents to ECL’s headquarters or purchases them from its present stock, applications his instructions right into a point-and-click consumer interface and waits for the outcomes to roll in. He can watch his experiments on a webcam and get read-outs in actual time.

Cloud labs aren’t the one choice for analysis groups that lack the infrastructure or experience to carry out sure experiments: contract analysis organizations (CROs) are one other. However the two approaches are very totally different, says Daniel Rines, vice-president of Expertise Enabling Companies, who is predicated at Strateos’s different facility in San Diego, California. With a cloud lab, scientists carry out all of their very own experiments. You could be working them from 1000’s of kilometres away, however they continue to be your concepts and your outcomes.

Against this, “CROs are very labour-driven,” Rines says, which means that they have an inclination to depend on people to do a lot of the work. “What we’re doing is utilizing our robotic capabilities to industrialize science and make it extra reproducible and dependable.”

Due to this, when experiments fail, cloud-lab customers can dive again into their information to work out what went improper, with out counting on anybody else. Kolodieznyi describes the method as like having a military of extremely gifted, extremely educated undergraduates at your beck and name. They won’t be capable to design research at first, however as soon as they’re educated, they will run your experiments – and do it in the identical means each time, he says.

“I can not keep in mind what number of instances I’ve learn one thing in a paper, tried to do it and, not surprisingly, it didn’t work. However in a cloud lab, if I simply copy and paste my experiment, it can work once more,” Kolodieznyi says.

Advocates of cloud labs say that in addition to the reproducibility benefit, offering reasonably priced entry to the tools wanted to do science helps to democratize analysis. “It doesn’t matter who you’re or the place you’re. You’re all utilizing the identical laboratory. That’s an enormous factor,” Frezza says.

Huaiying Zhang, a bioengineer at Carnegie Mellon, has proposed use of the college’s cloud lab by high-school college students in a low-income district within the state of Georgia – work for which she was awarded a grant by the US Nationwide Science Basis. Not all college students who’re desirous about science can get entry to classy tools, she explains, however working experiments in cloud labs removes these boundaries. As soon as the Carnegie Mellon cloud lab is up and working, she hopes to provide college students the possibility to carry out actual experiments on tools usually reserved for PhD college students and postdocs.

“You’re not simply memorizing details. You’re getting actual information,” Zhang says. “College students can use tools they’d not usually have been in a position to entry.”

At College School London, researchers have teamed up with the London-based Synthace Life Sciences R&D Cloud to offer a no-code consumer interface that may let researchers automate duties and create experimental workflows remotely. This partnership will allow scientists to “future-proof” their experimental designs in opposition to sudden disruptions to their work, in response to a press release from Synthace.

Nonetheless, writing within the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, researchers Filippa Lentzos and Cédric Invernizzi word that, by reducing the barrier to costly tools, cloud labs might allow dangerous actors, resembling terrorist teams, to misuse the expertise to carry out “malevolent” experiments (see When requested for touch upon this subject, spokespeople at each Strateos and ECL say they use the highest-level information encryption potential, and that they’ve by no means had any safety considerations, though they don’t have any lively checks in place to protect in opposition to these contingencies.

For Doerge, the advantages of cloud labs outweigh such considerations — particularly amid the continued pandemic. A lot of the college’s analysis floor to a halt as COVID-19 took maintain in early 2020. A cloud-lab facility would have allowed a lot of this analysis to proceed, in addition to many lab programs on the college, she says.

“This was the transformation that science wanted, very similar to the mobile phone, very similar to the self-driving automotive,” Doerge says. “The method of science hasn’t stored up with the expertise.”

‘Act of vendetta’: Afreen Fatima on her house bulldozed in India | Islamophobia News

New Delhi, India – A younger Muslim activist whose home was bulldozed by the authorities within the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh says it was an “act of vendetta” by the federal government for the protests over feedback made towards Prophet Muhammad by officers of the nation’s right-wing governing get together.

Surrounded by a big posse of police in riot gear, authorities in Uttar Pradesh’s Prayagraj metropolis on Sunday introduced in earthmovers to demolish Afreen Fatima’s home as dozens of media individuals recorded the demolition.

Inside hours, the two-storey constructing was lowered to rubble and its belongings – furnishings, books and images – thrown on an empty plot subsequent to the home. Amongst them was a poster that mentioned: “When injustice turns into regulation, resistance turns into obligation.”

Afreen Fatima house bulldozed
A bulldozer demolishes Fatima’s home on Sunday in Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India [Ritesh Shukla/Reuters]

The demolition got here after days of protests by India’s Muslims towards the anti-Islam remarks by two members of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Occasion (BJP) earlier this month, triggering a diplomatic backlash towards New Delhi.

As a number of Muslim nations demanded an apology from the Indian authorities, the Muslims in India noticed the remarks by the BJP’s Nupur Sharma and former Delhi media cell head Naveen Kumar Jindal as one more occasion of the correct wing’s hate speech towards the minority group which has spiked since Modi got here to energy in 2014.

As world outrage grew, the BJP suspended Sharma and expelled Jindal, saying their feedback don’t replicate the get together’s views and asking its spokespeople to be “extraordinarily cautious” on spiritual issues whereas talking on information channels. In the meantime, police within the Indian capital filed circumstances towards the 2 and others for “inciting hatred” and different costs.

However Muslim teams mentioned the strikes weren’t sufficient and held massive protests in a number of cities after the congregational prayers on Friday, demanding the arrest of the duo. Two youngsters had been killed and dozens wounded within the protests. A whole lot of protesters had been arrested.

The protests in Prayagraj – earlier often known as Allahabad – on Friday following the Muslim congregational prayers turned violent at some locations, with police firing tear fuel and baton-charging as demonstrators marched and allegedly tried to burn a police automobile.

A BJP spokesperson mentioned Uttar Pradesh’s Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath, a saffron-robed hardline Hindu monk, ordered officers to demolish any “unlawful” institutions and houses of individuals accused of involvement within the protests.

At the least two different homes belonging to Muslims had been additionally demolished in Uttar Pradesh on Sunday.

Afreen Fatima house bulldozed
Authorities declare the home was illegally constructed, however Fatima’s household rejects the allegation [Ritesh Shukla/Reuters]

‘Completely unlawful’

Fatima’s household was not even residence when their 20-year-old home in Prayagraj was torn down.

Hours after Friday protests within the metropolis, police raided the home and took away her 57-year-old father Mohammad Javed, mom Parveen Fatima, 52, and teenager sister Somaiya.

“At round 8:50pm on Friday, police got here, saying they wish to discuss to my father. They requested him to accompany him to the police station. That’s it. They didn’t inform us if it was a detention or if it was an arrest. There was no warrant that was proven,” Fatima, 24, informed Al Jazeera TV throughout an interview on Sunday.

Javed, who’s a politician belonging to a Muslim get together, was charged with rioting and the police quickly declared him the “mastermind” of the protests in Prayagraj – a tag flashed instantly on TV screens throughout the nation.

Parveen and Somaiya had been detained by the police and launched on Sunday morning. “My mom and my sister had been illegally detained for greater than 30 hours,” Fatima informed Al Jazeera TV.

Fatima rejected the allegations towards her father and known as the bulldozing of their home an unlawful act dedicated by the authorities.

“The demolition is totally unlawful as a result of it’s not even my father’s property. The home belongs to my mom,” she informed Al Jazeera over the phone.

“We had been paying our home taxes for round 20 years and never as soon as did we obtain any intimation by any improvement authorities of Allahabad that our home is against the law. Why had been they even taking our taxes if it was an unlawful home?” she informed Al Jazeera.

The household shared water payments and home taxation paperwork to again their declare.

Fatima mentioned the home was demolished and not using a court docket of regulation proving the costs towards her father. “With out proving the allegations that my father was a mastermind of protests, which he was not, they punished us,” she informed Al Jazeera.

We noticed our home crumble down… It was our residence for 21 years. We had some superb and defining moments in that residence that formed who I’m.

by Afreen Fatima, Muslim activist

“We weren’t demonstrating on Friday. None of us had been a part of the protests that occurred in Allahabad. We had been at our home, it was a Friday, so we supplied our prayers and had been in the home on a regular basis,” she mentioned.

Javed’s household has termed his arrest “unjust”, calling him an activist who had been engaged on civic issues with the Prayagraj administration.

“He would help the administration on so many civic and regulation and order issues. So this has come as a shock to us,” Javed’s son Mohammad Umam, 30, informed Al Jazeera. “He was not part of the protest nor did he know who the protesters had been or who organised them. The police are making up a fictitious story to implicate my father.”

On Saturday night time, metropolis officers pasted a discover on the doorway of their home, calling it an “unlawful construction that may be demolished on Sunday”. The discover requested the household to vacate the property earlier than the demolition.

“We noticed our home crumble down. We had lived all our lives there. It was our residence for 21 years. We had some superb and defining moments in that residence that formed who I’m,” mentioned Fatima. “It’s all so painful.”

The household’s legal professionals have moved the Allahabad Excessive Court docket difficult the demolition and demanding a penalty from the state authorities for the lack of property. Because the court docket was closed on Sunday, they may problem the demolition order earlier than it was performed.

The household’s petition to the excessive court docket says Javed was not the authorized proprietor of the home.

“Parveen Fatima was gifted the home by her father earlier than her marriage,” household counsel KK Roy informed Al Jazeera. “Below the Muslim Private Regulation Property Act, the husband can not have a share within the property of his spouse. Since Javed has no proper over the property as per regulation, the discover in his title is against the law. We have now challenged the discover and sought a penalty of a minimum of 10 crore rupees [$1.3m].”

Police justified the demolition, saying they adopted the prescribed course of. “The allegations are flawed. We utilized all of the due processes and after that took motion,” a police spokesperson informed Al Jazeera. A civic official was quoted within the native media as saying the home was an “unlawful construction” that was “constructed with out getting its map handed by the Prayagraj Improvement Authority”.

‘Collective punishment’

Fatima known as the bulldozing of her home “an act of vendetta towards her household”, including the demolition was a part of the insurance policies of the Hindu nationalist authorities towards Muslims exercising their democratic proper to protest.

The authorities in Uttar Pradesh bulldozed two different Muslim homes in Saharanpur district over the weekend, whereas the home of one other Muslim in Kanpur metropolis was demolished over the spiritual riots over remarks towards the Prophet.

“Keep in mind, each Friday is adopted by a Saturday,” Mrityunjay Kumar, media adviser to Chief Minister Adityanath, tweeted on Saturday with a photograph of a bulldozer.

Adityanath is commonly dubbed “bulldozer baba” (bulldozer monk) by the native media for his coverage of demolishing houses of those that protest towards the federal government. Different states have adopted go well with at the same time as legal professionals and activists have questioned the coverage’s legality.

Afreen Fatima house bulldozed
Fatima says the demolition was unlawful as a result of the home didn’t even belong to her father [Ritesh Shukla/Reuters]

The demolition of properties gathered tempo in April this 12 months when authorities in neighbouring Madhya Pradesh state – additionally dominated by the BJP – bulldozed homes and outlets belonging to Muslims following spiritual violence throughout a Hindu competition.

“Bulldozer has develop into a signifier of focused violence towards Muslims in India, with demolitions being deployed not as punishment of a person for violation of regulation, however as a type of collective punishment that seeks to demoralise and deter anybody who questions the federal government or their majoritarian politics,” Fawaz Shaheen, a authorized activist related to College students Islamic Organisation of India, informed Al Jazeera.

On Sunday, as police and administration started to shut in on Fatima’s home, Indian social media was full of outrage as individuals expressed their solidarity with Fatima and her household by way of hashtag #StandwithAfreenFatima.

Social media customers questioned the silence of the opposition events, asking why their leaders and supporters didn’t protest in Prayagraj to cease the demolition or tweeted about it. Many additionally requested why the Muslim legislators within the Uttar Pradesh Meeting weren’t talking out.

Fatima rose to prominence throughout nationwide protests led by Muslim teams to demand the repeal of a controversial citizenship regulation handed by the Modi authorities in late 2019, which critics mentioned violated India’s secular structure. The regulation fast-tracked Indian citizenship for non-Muslim minorities from India’s neighbouring nations who got here to India earlier than 2015.

Fatima, related to a pupil group known as the Fraternity Motion, was elected president of the ladies’s school college students union on the Aligarh Muslim College, India’s largest minority establishment primarily based in Uttar Pradesh. She completed her masters in linguistics final 12 months from New Delhi’s Jawaharlal Nehru College, the place she was elected councillor within the college students’ union.

Starwatch: cop the keystone shape of Hercules | Space

Constellation map

The Hercules constellation is effectively positioned for viewing from the northern hemisphere right now of yr. Though it doesn’t have any actually vibrant stars, the central 4 make a keystone form that’s simple to recognise.

Hercules can be simple to identify as a result of it covers a big space of sky; it’s the fifth largest of the 88 trendy constellations. The chart reveals the view wanting south from London at midnight tonight.

Though depictions have various throughout the centuries, the keystone is now common stated to characterize Hercules’s physique. In classical mythology, Hercules was the son of the god Zeus. He was immensely sturdy however murderously temperamental. As atonement for his crimes, he accepted 12 duties from the Oracle of Delphi, and the completion of those duties elevated him to hero standing.

The constellation was considered one of 48 initially outlined by Ptolemy within the second century that now make up the bedrock of the trendy complement. From the southern hemisphere, Hercules seems within the north throughout the night. The farther south, the decrease the constellation seems. From Sydney, Australia, for instance, Hercules simply rises above the northern horizon by mid to late night.