5 key takeaways from fifth January 6 Capitol riot hearing | Politics News

US legislators investigating the lethal riot at the US Capitol on January 6, 2021 have turned their consideration to the strain President Donald Trump exerted on the US Division of Justice to overturn the 2020 election.

The Home committee on Thursday held its fifth public listening to this month, as soon as once more laying out what it is aware of about Trump’s efforts to overturn the outcomes of the US presidential election he misplaced to Joe Biden.

This time, the listening to targeted on Trump’s try to get the Division of Justice to “legitimise his lies” about electoral fraud, panel chair Bennie Thompson stated.

“When these and different efforts failed, Donald Trump sought to interchange Mr [Jeffrey] Rosen, the appearing legal professional common, with a lawyer who he believed would inappropriately put the total weight of the Justice Division behind the trouble to overturn the election,” Thompson stated.

Here’s a have a look at 5 key takeaways from the fifth public listening to this month:

‘Simply say the election was corrupt,’ former US official says Trump advised him

The panel featured a hand-written observe by former US Deputy Legal professional Normal Richard Donoghue, by which he quoted Trump as saying: “Simply say the election was corrupt and depart the remaining to me and the Republican congressmen.”

Donoghue confirmed to the panel that the assertion was a precise quote from Trump.

Donoghue stated the Justice Division appeared into numerous claims however didn’t discover any situations of fraud that may have come near altering the election outcomes. The division communicated that to Trump, he added.

“There have been remoted situations of fraud; none of them got here near calling into query the end result of the election in any particular person state,” Donoghue advised the US legislators.

Trump contacted Justice Division day by day on fraud claims, Jeffrey Rosen testifies

Former appearing US Legal professional Normal Jeffrey Rosen testified on Thursday that Trump contacted him day by day within the weeks earlier than the Capitol riot and “asserted that he thought the Justice Division had not executed sufficient” to analyze his false claims of voter fraud.

“Between December 23 and January 3, the president both referred to as me or met with me nearly on daily basis, with one or two exceptions, like Christmas Day,” Rosen, who held the publish within the closing days of the Trump administration, advised the committee.

Rosen stated that Trump raised the prospects of getting a particular counsel for election fraud, holding a gathering along with his private lawyer Rudy Giuliani, submitting a lawsuit within the US Supreme Courtroom, and making a public assertion on the fraud claims, amongst different issues.

“I’ll say, the Justice Division declined all of these requests … as a result of we didn’t suppose that they had been applicable primarily based on the info and the regulation as we understood them,” Rosen stated.

Former acting Attorney General Jeffrey Rosen
Former appearing Legal professional Normal Jeffrey Rosen testified on Thursday earlier than the Home panel [Jim Bourg/Reuters]

Trump’s crew floated naming Jeffrey Clark as legal professional common to overturn vote

The panel stated it has been inspecting efforts to put in former Justice Division official Jeffrey Clark as appearing legal professional common to assist overturn the election.

Legislators and witnesses argued that Clark was not certified for the place and was solely advised as a result of he would have backed Trump’s fraud claims.

In a video from his testimony to the committee, Giuliani stated: “I do recall saying to those that anyone needs to be put in control of the Justice Division who isn’t fearful of what’s going to be executed to their fame.”

Donoghue stated Republican Congressman Scott Perry, of Pennsylvania, talked about Clark throughout a name on December 27 by which Perrry raised claims of voter fraud within the state. “On the outset of the decision, Congressman Perry stated he was calling on the behest of the president,” Donoghue advised the panel.

“He stated one thing to the impact of, ‘I believe Jeff Clark is nice and I believe he’s the type of man who can get in there and do one thing about these items.’ And this was approaching the heels of the president having talked about Mr Clark within the afternoon name earlier that day.”

Donoghue additionally testified on Thursday that Trump appeared to threaten to fireside him together with appearing legal professional common Rosen for refusing to again his baseless election fraud claims. “He stated, ‘Folks inform me I ought to simply do away with each of you. I ought to simply take away you and make a change within the management, put Jeff Clark and perhaps one thing will lastly get executed,’” Donoghue stated.

He recalled telling Trump in response: “Mr President, you must have the management that you really want, however perceive the US Justice Division features on info, proof and regulation.

“And people are usually not going to alter, so you may have no matter management you need, however the division’s place shouldn’t be going to alter.”

Draft letter at coronary heart of Clark’s effort to undo Trump election loss: Panel

A draft letter by Clark and his adviser, Ken Klukowski, falsely alleging election fraud that was set to be despatched to the Georgia state legislature emerged on the coronary heart of Thursday’s listening to.

“Had this letter been launched on official Division of Justice letterhead, it could have falsely knowledgeable all Individuals, together with those that may be inclined to come back to Washington on January 6, that President Trump’s election fraud allegations had been possible very actual,” the committee’s co-chair Liz Cheney stated.

Donoghue stated Clark emailed him and Rosen the draft letter on December 28. “It was so excessive to me [that] I had a tough time getting my head round it initially,” Donoghue testified.

Donoghue stated he advised Clark that “for the division to insert itself into the political course of this manner … would have had grave penalties for the nation. It might very effectively have spiralled us right into a constitutional disaster, and I wished to verify he understood the gravity of the scenario”.

Clark has declined to say whether or not he mentioned his Justice Division draft letter with Trump. In a video from his testimony to the committee, Clark invoked the Fifth Modification and “government privilege” to keep away from answering questions.

“Fifth and government privilege once more, simply restated for the abundance of warning,” he advised the panel.

Consultant Liz Cheney speaks in the course of the fifth public listening to on the January 6 assault, June 23 [Jonathan Ernst/Reuters]

Republican legislators requested pardons: Ex-Trump White Home official

Cassidy Hutchinson, a former aide to ex-White Home chief of employees Mark Meadows, advised the committee throughout an interview that Republican Congressmen Matt Gaetz and Mo Brooks “advocated for there to be a blanket pardon” in relation to January 6.

“Mr Gaetz was personally pushing for a pardon and he was doing so since early December. I’m unsure why,” Hutchinson advised the panel, in response to a video of her testimony performed throughout Thursday’s listening to. “Mr Gaetz had reached out to me to ask if he may have a gathering with Mr Meadows about receiving a presidential pardon.”

Requested if different lawmakers contacted her about pardons, Hutchinson stated Congressmen Andy Biggs, Louie Gohmert, and Scott Perry additionally did. Congressman Jim Jordan “talked about congressional pardons, however he by no means requested me for one. It was extra for an replace on whether or not the White Home was going to pardon members of Congress”, she stated.

Hutchinson added that Congresswoman Marjorie Taylor Greene, a prime Trump ally, requested White Home counsel for a pardon.

“The one cause I do know to ask for a pardon is since you suppose you’ve dedicated a criminal offense,” Home committee member Adam Kinzinger stated on Thursday.

Scientists discover world’s largest bacterium, the size of an eyelash | Microbiology

Scientists have found the world’s largest recognized bacterium, which comes within the type of white filaments the dimensions of human eyelashes, in a swamp in Guadeloupe.

At about 1cm lengthy, the unusual organism, Thiomargarita magnifica, is roughly 50 occasions bigger than all different recognized large micro organism and the primary to be seen with the bare eye. The skinny white strands had been found on the surfaces of decaying mangrove leaves in shallow tropical marine marshes.

The invention was a shock as a result of, in accordance with fashions of cell metabolism, micro organism ought to merely not develop this huge. Beforehand scientists had instructed an higher potential measurement restrict about 100 occasions smaller than the brand new species.

“To place it into context, it could be like a human encountering one other human as tall as Mount Everest,” mentioned Jean-Marie Volland, a scientist at Lawrence Berkeley Nationwide Laboratory who co-authored the research.

Thiomargarita magnifica
Thiomargarita magnifica has been discovered to include 3 times as many genes as most different micro organism. {Photograph}: Vol­lard et al.

The organism was found by Olivier Gros, a marine biology professor on the Université des Antilles in Guadeloupe, whereas trying to find symbiotic micro organism within the mangrove ecosystem.

“Once I noticed them, I believed: unusual,” mentioned Gros. The lab first performed microscopic analyses to determine that the strands had been single cells. Nearer inspection additionally revealed a wierd inside construction. In most micro organism, the DNA floats round freely contained in the cell. Thiomargarita magnifica seems to maintain its DNA extra organised inside membrane-bound compartments all through the cell. “And that is very sudden for a bacterium,” mentioned Volland.

The bacterium was additionally discovered to include 3 times as many genes as most micro organism and a whole lot of hundreds of genome copies unfold all through every cell, making it unusually advanced.

Scientists will not be but positive how the micro organism advanced to be so huge. One chance is that it tailored to evade predation. “When you develop a whole lot or hundreds of occasions greater than your predator you can’t be consumed by your predator,” mentioned Volland.

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Nevertheless, changing into huge would have meant shedding a few of micro organism’s conventional benefits, together with being uniquely in a position to transfer round and colonise new niches. “By leaving the microscopic world these micro organism have undoubtedly modified the best way they work together with their surroundings,” mentioned Volland.

The micro organism haven’t but been present in different areas – and had disappeared from the unique website when the researchers returned lately, maybe as a result of they’re seasonal organisms. However within the paper, revealed within the journal Science, the authors conclude that the invention “suggests that giant and extra advanced micro organism could also be hiding in plain sight”.

Rare ‘triple’ La Niña climate event looks likely — what does the future hold?

Rubbish and damaged furniture piled up on a flooded road on March 03, 2022 in Brisbane, Australia.

La Niña contributed to flooding in jap Australia earlier this 12 months.Credit score: Peter Wallis/Getty

An ongoing La Niña occasion that has contributed to flooding in jap Australia and exacerbated droughts in america and East Africa might persist into 2023, based on the newest forecasts. The incidence of two consecutive La Niña winters within the Northern Hemisphere is widespread, however having three in a row is comparatively uncommon. A ‘triple dip’ La Niña — lasting three years in a row — has occurred solely twice since 1950.

This notably lengthy La Niña might be only a random blip within the local weather, scientists say. However some researchers are warning that local weather change might make La Niña-like circumstances extra possible in future. “We’re stacking the percentages larger for these triple occasions coming alongside,” says Matthew England, a bodily oceanographer on the College of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia. England and others at the moment are working to reconcile discrepancies between local weather knowledge and the output of main local weather fashions — efforts that might make clear what’s in retailer for the planet.

Extra La Niña occasions would enhance the possibility of flooding in southeast Asia, enhance the danger of droughts and wildfires within the southwestern United States, and create a special sample of hurricanes, cyclones and monsoons throughout the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, in addition to give rise to different regional modifications.

La Niña and its counterpart, El Niño, are phases of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) that happen each two to seven years, with impartial years in between. Throughout El Niño occasions, the standard Pacific winds that blow east to west alongside the Equator weaken or reverse, inflicting heat water to gush into the jap Pacific Ocean, growing the quantity of rain within the area. Throughout La Niña, these winds strengthen, heat water shifts west and the jap Pacific turns into cooler and drier.

The impacts are far reaching. “The tropical Pacific is large. In case you shift its rainfall, it has a ripple impact on the remainder of the world,” says Michelle L’Heureux, a bodily scientist on the Nationwide Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Local weather Prediction Centre in School Park, Maryland. Throughout La Niña years, the ocean absorbs warmth into its depths, so international air temperatures are typically cooler.

Chilly snap

The present La Niña began round September 2020 and has been mild-to-moderate more often than not since then. As of April 2022, it intensified, resulting in a chilly snap over the jap equatorial Pacific Ocean not seen at the moment of 12 months since 1950. “That’s fairly spectacular,” says England.

The newest forecast from the World Meteorological Group, issued on 10 June, offers a 50–60% likelihood of La Niña persisting till July or September. This may in all probability enhance Atlantic hurricane exercise, which buffets jap North America till November, and reduce the Pacific hurricane season, which primarily impacts Mexico. NOAA’s Local weather Prediction Centre has forecast a 51% likelihood of La Niña in early 2023.

The bizarre factor about it, says L’Heureux, is that this extended La Niña, in contrast to earlier triple dips, hasn’t come after a robust El Niño, which tends to construct up loads of ocean warmth that takes a 12 months or two to dissipate1. “I preserve questioning, the place’s the dynamics for this?” says L’Heureux.

Local weather correlation

The large questions that stay are whether or not local weather change is altering the ENSO, and whether or not La Niña circumstances will turn into extra widespread in future.

Researchers have observed a shift within the ENSO in latest many years: the newest report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Local weather Change (IPCC) exhibits that sturdy El Niño and La Niña occasions have been extra frequent and stronger since 1950 than they had been within the centuries earlier than that, however the panel couldn’t inform whether or not this was attributable to pure variability or by local weather change. General, the IPCC fashions point out a shift to extra El Niño-like states as local weather change warms the oceans, says local weather modeller Richard Seager on the Lamont–Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia College in Palisades, New York. Puzzlingly, Seager says, observations have proven the other over the previous half-century: because the local weather has warmed, a tongue of upwelling waters within the jap equatorial Pacific Ocean has stayed chilly, creating extra La Niña-like circumstances2.

Some researchers argue that the file is just too sparse to indicate clearly what’s going on, or that there’s an excessive amount of pure variability within the system for researchers to identify long-term traits. But it surely may be that the IPCC fashions are lacking one thing massive, says L’Heureux, “which is a extra critical difficulty”. Seager thinks the fashions are certainly unsuitable, and that the planet will expertise extra La Niña-like patterns in future3. “Increasingly individuals are taking this a bit severely that possibly the fashions are biased,” as a result of they don’t seize this chilly jap Pacific water, says Seager.

Chilly-water injection

England has one other attainable clarification for why the IPCC fashions may very well be getting future La Niña-like circumstances unsuitable. Because the world warms and the Greenland ice sheet melts, its recent chilly water is predicted to decelerate a dominant conveyor belt of ocean currents: the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC). Scientists principally agree that the AMOC present has slowed down in latest many years4, however don’t agree on why, or how a lot it can gradual in future.

In a examine revealed in Nature Local weather Change on 6 June5, England and his colleagues mannequin how an AMOC collapse would go away an extra of warmth within the tropical South Atlantic, which might set off a sequence of air-pressure modifications that in the end strengthen the Pacific commerce winds. These winds push heat water to the west, thus creating extra La Niña-like circumstances. However England says that the present IPCC fashions don’t replicate this pattern as a result of they don’t embrace the complicated interactions between ice-sheet soften, freshwater injections, ocean currents and atmospheric circulation. “We preserve including bells and whistles to those fashions. However we have to add within the ice sheets,” he says.

Michael Mann, a climatologist at Pennsylvania State College in State School, has additionally argued2 that local weather change will each gradual the AMOC and create extra La Niña-like circumstances. He says the examine exhibits how these two elements can reinforce one another. Getting the fashions to raised replicate what’s occurring within the ocean, says Seager, “stays a really lively analysis matter”.

“We have to higher perceive what’s occurring,” agrees L’Heureux. For now, she provides, whether or not, how and why the ENSO may change “is a really attention-grabbing thriller”.

How football is helping Yemenis cope with the prolonged war | Football

Amid the brutal battle in Yemen that has killed greater than 370,000 folks, Yemenis have turned to their long-running love for soccer to assist them address the devastation, violence and humanitarian disaster ravaging their nation.

By means of unofficial soccer tournaments held throughout completely different villages and cities, Yemeni boys and males have been coming collectively to try to stay a imprecise semblance of a traditional existence.

On makeshift soccer fields coated with nothing however sand and rocks, beginner gamers show their abilities to a cheering viewers that come within the a whole bunch from close to and much.

There aren’t any seats. The gang, starting from 800 to 1,500, normally stands on its ft during the matches, shouting and singing to spur on their group and gamers.

As with many facets of life throughout Yemen, the official soccer scene got here to a pointy halt because of the warfare that broke out in 2014.

Within the political vacuum that adopted the unseating of the nation’s longterm president Ali Abdullah Saleh, the Iran-backed Houthi group sought energy over Yemen, seizing the nation’s capital Sanaa and ultimately driving away the United Nations-recognised authorities and its then-president, Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi, who had the help of Saudi Arabia and different regional gamers.

Nearly 60 p.c of the 370,000 deaths for the reason that battle broke out have occurred on account of starvation, lack of healthcare and unsafe water because the nation’s infrastructure suffers immensely.

Almost 25 million Yemenis stay in want of help, 5 million are liable to famine, and a cholera outbreak has affected a couple of million.

With the dire scenario readily available, many Yemenis turned to soccer for solace, not solely participating in unofficial tournaments but in addition taking over avenue soccer.

yemen football tournaments
A recreation of soccer going down throughout the sandy pitch in Ibb [Abdullah Ali]

In keeping with Sami al-Handhali, a soccer commentator and former participant for al-Ahly Taiz soccer group, sports activities infrastructure confronted heavy destruction, with stadiums and sports activities centres focused in assaults or transformed into navy bases.

Whereas official soccer leagues resumed in September final 12 months, funding to help sports activities golf equipment and athletes stays scarce, he added.

“Yemenis have organized their very own occasions on makeshift soccer pitches, which introduced again pleasure among the many crowds and helped them take care of their plights in addition to result in discovering new abilities who have been then picked up by the membership aspect in addition to the nationwide group,” al-Handhali instructed Al Jazeera.

“These matches and match additionally assist maintain many younger males from getting concerned within the violence because it strengthened the bond between gamers and viewers of various areas and tribes”.

‘Bonding with Yemenis’

Whereas these matches implement a way of belonging to a village or province, sentiments of nationwide unity are additionally at play regardless of years-long divisions and two native governments.

The viewers would typically break into chants for Yemen, calling for a united and peaceable residence for all.

For Ramzy Mosa’d, 25, these soccer tournaments are a chance to attach with different Yemenis in a approach he’s not used to.

Being a member of the nation’s Muhamasheen – a Black minority group that has traditionally been marginalised – he’s confined to the slums of Jibla, a city in southwestern Yemen, on the outskirts of Ibb.

Right here, the Muhamasheen are far-off from different Yemenis, crammed in homes manufactured from thatch or cardboard, in areas that lack primary providers of healthcare, clear water, sanitation or dependable electrical energy.

So, for the Muhamasheen’s soccer group “Elnaseem” to get invited to a match in Assayani district and play alongside different groups from Ibb “warmed our hearts”, in line with Mosa’d.

“Assayani residents’ involvement in our video games was priceless,” Mosa’d instructed Al Jazeera.

“We have been overwhelmed and crammed with pleasure and happiness as we watched the gang appreciating us as if we have been residents of the realm,” added Mosa’d, whose group ended up successful that match earlier this 12 months.

Being shunned from society because of a centuries-old social hierarchy by which the Muhamasheen are confined because the lowest of its ranks, Mosa’d stated that the invitation to affix the match “was immensely appreciated and we needed to indicate others that we, too, have proficient footballers and are eager on mixing in with our society”.

This explicit match has taken place each winter since 2017 within the Houthi-controlled area, in line with Motee’ Dammaj, one among Assayani match’s organisers and funders.

Invites are despatched out to as many as 16 groups from the Assayani and Jibla villages and the “keenness to organise such occasions stem from understanding Yemenis’ love for the game, and eager to breathe life into many Yemenis devastated by the warfare, whereas additionally strengthening the social bond amongst them”, Dammaj stated.

Participation figures, nonetheless, rely upon the scenario within the nation on the time, he added.

“Yearly, there’s an enormous turnout and participation from gamers and viewers and the spirits are all the time excessive. Regardless of the acute gasoline scarcity which imposed a problem for a lot of to affix the video games, eight groups nonetheless managed to participate within the match,” he stated, welcoming the Muhamasheen’s presence within the video games which was “vital to interrupt the cycle of discrimination that this minority has been going through for a few years”.

From avenue soccer to the nationwide group

In 2017, Hamza Mahrous, then 13, was among the many a whole bunch of hundreds who fled the Crimson Sea port metropolis of Hodeidah, escaping the escalating violence. He settled along with his household in Taiz, which skilled its personal clashes and violence and has been blockaded by Houthi forces since 2015.

Having lived most of his life in a rural setting, Mahrous developed a deep love for soccer at a younger age. Previous to his displacement, he received a number of awards for his abilities as a footballer, enjoying as a striker for his faculty group in addition to a neighborhood membership.

In Taiz, he performed in unofficial tournaments that passed off on the war-wrecked streets of al-Masbah neighbourhood the place he lived.

He was rapidly snapped up by a number of native groups, together with Talee’ Taiz soccer membership and Ahly Taiz, with whom he received the Balqees match.

In 2019, he was noticed by a bunch of scouts looking out for gamers to affix Yemen’s nationwide group, and was invited to affix the under-15 squad.

“Becoming a member of the nationwide group was a dream which I by no means thought would come true, particularly given my circumstances of displacement and the troublesome instances we went by means of,” Mahrous instructed Al Jazeera.

“However by means of persistence and apply, on the streets and soccer fields, and with my mother and father’ help, it occurred.”

In December 2021, Mahrous and his teammates gave Yemenis a uncommon style of jubilation and nationwide satisfaction once they received the West Asian junior soccer championship, beating Saudi Arabia on penalties within the closing.

Yemenis flooded the streets in celebration, some firing their weapons within the air, briefly rejoicing with a way of satisfaction and unity.

“I felt part of creating the happiness tens of millions of Yemenis very a lot craved and wanted, which was solely doable by means of soccer – a recreation all of them very a lot liked,” stated Mahrous.

‘The way in which to just accept my misplaced desires’

Saad Murad, 30, stated he missed the possibility to maneuver ahead along with his soccer profession due to the warfare.

After greater than a decade of build up his portfolio as a footballer, from faculty tournaments in his residence metropolis of Damt to enjoying in Yemen’s premier league for Dhu Reidan sports activities membership, Murad regarded set for the nationwide group.

However because the league and all official sports activities actions acquired suspended, Murad’s profession hit a serious street block. He stated the one connection he has along with his earlier life is thru the unofficial tournaments going down in winter.

“These native tournaments have offered solace, respite and a option to settle for my misplaced desires,” stated Murad, who’s unable to land a job amid the nation’s dire financial scenario.

With the participation of 32 official soccer golf equipment in addition to nationwide group gamers, the match hosted in Damt final winter was one of many largest soccer occasions to happen within the nation in seven years.

Demt’s tournament for official clubs
Damt’s match for official golf equipment, which passed off between February and April, had 32 groups taking part and an viewers within the a whole bunch [Abdullah Heidara]

In keeping with Moammar al-Hajri, a member of the organising committee in Damt, this match has been going down yearly since 2018 by means of impartial funding and donations, with help of businessmen and enterprise entities in addition to Yemenis overseas.

“The successful group this 12 months received a prize-money of about 500,000 Yemeni riyals ($2,000) and the runners-up acquired 300,000 Yemeni riyals ($1,200),” al-Hajri stated.

Such quantities are vital in a rustic the place the native forex suffers immense blows because of the battle.

As jobs are misplaced and salaries are suspended, tens of millions are struggling to outlive, and the scenario is made worse by a gasoline scarcity that has pushed inflation increased.

Mahioub al-Marisi, 50, a civil servant who attended a lot of the matches at this 12 months’s match along with his youngsters, was amazed on the sheer quantity of people that got here from far-off areas, typically on foot.

“The soccer pitches have been sandy but the passionate viewers flooded surrounding areas and spilled into farming fields to get a glimpse of the video games. Individuals have been simply ecstatic and excited to be there. It restored part of the Yemenis’ spirit,” he stated.

Away from these tournaments, and on an nearly each day foundation, 22-year-old Jameel Nasher heads to an open house close to his home on Taiz street in Ibb, the place he meets different soccer lovers later within the afternoon to play soccer that goes properly into the night time.

Carrying Mohamed Salah’s quantity 11 Liverpool jersey to mirror his love for the participant, Nasher types a group of eight gamers.

On the sphere, there’s a flurry of colors with each participant sporting a jersey of a membership he helps.

“Our love for soccer and us enjoying on the road is the factor that continues to be unchanged in our lives which has been wrecked by warfare. We grew up enjoying the sport and it’s reassuring to know that it has not been taken away from us,” he stated.

Rewilding with wolves: can they help rebuild ecosystems? | podcast | Science

After wolves have been reintroduced to Yellowstone nationwide park in 1995, researchers observed some large ecological adjustments, resulting in the regeneration of the panorama. It’s an argument used to justify the return of apex predators – nevertheless it’s more and more being challenged. Phoebe Weston talks to Ian Pattern about whether or not wolves actually have the facility to form ecosystems, and what which means for the controversy about bringing them again to the UK

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