Menopause matters in academic workplaces


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A greater mouse-eared Bat flying at night

To owls, the misery name of the better mouse-eared bat sounds much like hornets buzzing.Credit score: F. Deschandol and P. Sabine/Biosphoto/Minden Photos

Some bats can imitate the sound of buzzing hornets to scare off owls — the primary documented case of a mammal mimicking an insect to discourage predators. Researchers in contrast the sound construction of buzzing by the European hornet (Vespa crabro) to that of the misery name of better mouse-eared bats (Myotis myotis). At most frequencies, the 2 sounds weren’t dramatically related, however they had been when the bat’s name was stripped down to incorporate solely frequencies that owls can hear. “It makes complete sense to me that bats, with their outstanding vocal skills, would resort to acoustic means to idiot predators,” says animal-behaviour ecologist Mirjam Knörnschild.

Nature | 4 min learn

NASA’s InSight Mars lander has recorded probably the most highly effective tremor ever noticed on one other planet: a magnitude 5 quake. This wouldn’t be a record-breaker on Earth however is near the higher restrict of what scientists anticipated to see on Mars. “Since we set our seismometer down in December 2018, we’ve been ready for ‘the massive one’,” says InSight principal investigator Bruce Banerdt. “Scientists might be analysing this information to study new issues about Mars for years to come back.”

The Verge | 3 min learn

Monitoring information from endangered whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) recommend that the endangered light giants are being killed by giant vessels. Researchers tracked the actions of enormous vessels, similar to tankers and cargo ships, and a complete of 348 whale sharks for seven years. Every month, greater than 90% on common of vessel site visitors worldwide overlapped with areas utilized by sharks. And sharks whose monitoring tags confirmed that they had been sinking — and had been subsequently prone to be useless — tended to be on busy delivery routes. “As a primary step to deal with this disaster, the Worldwide Maritime Group (IMO) may develop a world reporting scheme” for collisions, say the scientists.

Nature Analysis Spotlight | 2 min learn (Nature paywall) & The Dialog | 5 min learn

Reference: Proceedings of the Nationwide Academy of Sciences paper

Options & opinion

Most workplaces don’t see menopause — and the psychological and bodily modifications that accompany it — as a situation they must help. And many individuals going by way of menopause are reluctant to talk out, for concern it would undermine their careers. “You’re in a predominantly male profession. Who’re you going to speak to? You form of endure in silence,” says electrical and laptop engineer Carlotta Berry, who now counsels youthful colleagues experiencing it. Jo Brewis, a management- and organization-studies researcher who has written menopause pointers for UK higher-education establishments, says an important factor is to boost consciousness of its true nature. “Menopause continues to be fairly broadly misunderstood,” she says. “There’s this assumption that all of a sudden you’re a flushing, incapable mess.”

Nature | 12 min learn

Reference: Athena Swan steerage on menopause consciousness in greater training

An notorious mix-up between metric and imperial models prompted the destruction of NASA’s Mars Local weather Orbiter in 1999. And measurement mayhem continues to be taking place, write members of two worldwide metrology activity forces. “Except we take steps to make sure that measurement models are routinely documented for simple, unambiguous trade of information, info might be unusable or, worse, be misinterpreted,” they argue. They name for:

• Scientists to concentrate to their models and to demand that their instruments do, too.

• Builders to make use of the suitable digital illustration techniques for models.

• Funders to help techniques for simple, unambiguous trade of knowledge.

• The whole scientific neighborhood to agree on a mannequin to signify portions and models.

Nature | 9 min learn

Alexander Grothendieck was a revered mathematician, who uncovered connections between realms that appeared unrelated. His contributions reworked the sphere, says mathematician Michael Artin. “He got here, and it was like evening and day. It was a revolution.” However Grothendieck was an idiosyncratic and generally tough particular person, who selected to be stateless and began a commune. When he was 42 years outdated, he abruptly left arithmetic. In 1992, two mathematicians — Leila Schneps and Pierre Lochack — went trying to find him. They discovered him, residing as a hermit, at occasions subsisting solely on dandelion soup.

The New Yorker | 21 min learn

Infographic of the week

If roe is overturned: Map of the United States showing distance to nearest abortion facility and facilities likely to close.

Supply: Caitlin Myers/Middlebury Faculty

This map exhibits the potential repercussions if the decision of the 1973 case Roe v. Wade is overturned in the US. A leaked draft opinion means that the US Supreme Courtroom is likely to be about to finish the precedent set by the landmark resolution that ensured entry to abortion. A Nature editorial argues that such a choice would fly within the face of an awesome physique of proof from economists and reproductive- and public-health researchers in regards to the dire and unequal influence this ruling would have. (Nature | 6 min learn)

See extra of the week’s key infographics, chosen by Nature’s information and artwork groups.

QUOTE OF THE DAY

These hoping to guide Australia after the 21 Could election should step up with a imaginative and prescient for science, says John Shine, the president of the Australian Academy of Science. (The Dialog | 4 min learn)

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