Russia using ‘scorched earth’ tactics in Donbas, Ukraine says | Russia-Ukraine war News

Luhansk governor accuses Russia of indiscriminately shelling Severodonetsk, which has just one working hospital left with three docs.

Heavy preventing between Ukrainian and Russian forces has continued in japanese Ukraine’s Donbas area, as Moscow’s troops pressed on with their advance on Severodonetsk, the place native officers accused Russia of utilizing “scorched-earth” techniques.

Severodonetsk and its twin metropolis of Lysychansk type the japanese a part of a Ukrainian-held pocket that Russia has been making an attempt to seize since mid-April, when it shifted focus to the south and east after abandoning its offensive to take Ukraine’s capital, Kyiv.

Serhiy Haidai, the governor of Luhansk, one of many two provinces in Donbas, mentioned on Sunday Russian forces have been deploying “scorched-earth” techniques.

“They’re wiping Severodonetsk from the face of the Earth,” he alleged.

Final week, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy accused Russia of finishing up mindless bombardments throughout its renewed offensive in Donbas, which, he mentioned, had turned it into “hell”.

INTERACTIVE Russia Ukraine War Who controls what in Donbas region Day 88
(Al Jazeera)

 

In line with Haidai, Russian forces had occupied a number of cities and cities in Luhansk after indiscriminate, 24-hour shelling and have been concentrating forces and weaponry there, bringing in troops from Kharkiv to the northwest, Mariupol to the south, and from inside Russia.

The only real working hospital in Severodonetsk has solely three docs and provides for 10 days, he mentioned.

In the meantime, the Ukrainian military mentioned on its Fb web page a minimum of seven civilians have been killed and eight others wounded on Sunday in bombardment of Donetsk, the opposite province in Donbas.

Individually, Russia’s defence ministry mentioned on Sunday its forces attacked Ukrainian command centres, troops and ammunition depots in Donbas, in addition to within the Mykolaiv area within the south with air raids and artillery.

Al Jazeera was unable to confirm the claims from the Russian and Ukrainian officers.

Residents run near a burning house.
Residents run close to a burning home following a shelling in Severodonetsk, Donbas area [File: Fadel Senna/AFP]

Preventing elsewhere

Early on Monday, highly effective explosions have been heard in Korosten, about 160km (100 miles) west of Kyiv, the city’s deputy mayor mentioned. It was the third straight day of obvious assaults within the Zhytomyr district, based on Ukrainian information companies.

Furthermore, within the Russian-held metropolis of Enerhodar, 281km (174 miles) northwest of the southeastern metropolis of Mariupol, an explosion on Sunday wounded the Moscow-appointed mayor at his residence, Russian and Ukrainian information companies reported.

In line with Ukraine’s Unian information company, a bomb planted by “native partisans” wounded 48-year-old Andrei Shevchuk, who lives close to Europe’s largest nuclear energy plant in Zaporizhzhia.

Russian President Vladimir Putin has known as the invasion of Ukraine, which is about to succeed in the top of its third month, a “particular navy operation” to disarm the neighbouring nation and rid it of far-right anti-Russian nationalists.

Ukraine and its Western allies reject that as a false pretext for an unprovoked assault that has pressured tens of millions to flee overseas and killed or wounded 1000’s of individuals, if no more.

Russia-Ukraine war: List of key events, day 88 | Russia-Ukraine war News

Because the Russia-Ukraine battle enters its 88th day, we check out the primary developments.

Listed below are the important thing occasions to this point on Sunday, Could 22.

Get the most recent updates right here.

Combating

  • Russian forces are intensifying efforts to seize Severodonetsk, the ultimate Ukrainian strongpoint within the japanese Luhansk area.
  • Luhansk Governor Serhiy Haidai stated the one functioning hospital in Severodonetsk has simply three docs and provides for 10 days.
  • Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy stated the Russian military was additionally attacking town of Sloviansk, within the Donetsk, however Ukrainian forces have been holding off its advance in each main centres. Sloviansk is vital to Russia’s goal of capturing all of japanese Ukraine.
  • Russia claims to have taken prisoner almost 2,500 Ukrainian fighters from the besieged Azovstal metal plant, and issues have grown about their destiny.
  • Moscow launched video of Russian troops taking into custody Serhiy Volynskyy, commander of the Ukrainian Navy’s thirty sixth Particular Marine Brigade, which was one of many predominant forces defending Azovstal.
  • A distinguished member of Russia’s parliament, Leonid Slutsky, stated Moscow was finding out the potential of exchanging the Azovstal fighters for Viktor Medvedchuk, a rich Ukrainian with shut ties to Russian President Vladimir Putin who faces prison prices in Ukraine.
  • The Ukrainian mayor of Mariupol warned it’s dealing with a well being and sanitation “disaster” from mass burials in shallow pits throughout the ruined metropolis in addition to the breakdown of sewage methods.
  • The Russian army has stated it destroyed a serious consignment of Western arms in Ukraine’s Zhytomyr area, west of Kyiv, utilizing sea-launched Kalibr cruise missiles.
  • Russian missiles additionally struck gas storage services close to Odesa on the Black Beach and shot down two Ukrainian Su-25 plane and 14 drones, the army stated.

Diplomacy

  • Ukraine has dominated out agreeing to a ceasefire with Russia and stated Kyiv wouldn’t settle for any take care of Moscow that concerned ceding territory.
  • Zelenskyy stated his nation is ready to alternate Russian prisoners of battle for its troops who surrendered on the Azovstal metal plant in Mariupol.
  • US President Joe Biden signed a invoice to supply almost $40bn in help for Ukraine as a part of efforts to spice up army assist over Russia’s invasion, the White Home stated.
  • Polish President Andrzej Duda arrived in Ukraine on an unannounced go to and can tackle the nation’s parliament on Sunday.
  • Portuguese Prime Minister Antonio Costa stated he pressed Western nations for multiple-launch rocket methods, which he stated “simply stand nonetheless” in different nations but are key to Ukraine’s success.
  • In an interview with the Telegraph, British international secretary Liz Truss stated she needs to see Ukraine’s neighbour Moldova “outfitted to NATO commonplace” to protect in opposition to any threats from Russia.
  • Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who has objected to Sweden and Finland becoming a member of NATO, held cellphone calls with the leaders of the 2 nations and mentioned his issues about “terrorist” teams there.
  • Zelenskyy stated he talked to Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi and confused the significance of extra sanctions on Russia and unblocking Ukrainian ports.

Economic system

  • Russian vitality large Gazprom halted gasoline exports to neighbouring Finland, the most recent escalation of an vitality funds dispute with Western nations.
  • Russia’s transport minister stated Western-backed sanctions have “virtually damaged” logistics within the nation.INTERACTIVE Russia Ukraine War Who controls what Day 88

Coal, oil price surges on Ukraine war make Asia’s richest richer | Russia-Ukraine war News

Gautam Adani and Mukesh Ambani are making the most of a surge in international commodity costs triggered by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, burnishing their fossil-fuel credentials at the same time as Asia’s richest males publicly push their pivots towards greener vitality.

With coal costs skyrocketing to a file, Adani’s conglomerate is increasing a controversial mine in Australia to satisfy demand. Ambani’s Reliance Industries Ltd. is snapping up distressed crude-oil cargoes at reductions to feed its refining complicated, the most important on the planet. Reliance even deferred a scheduled upkeep of the ability to assist churn out extra diesel and gasoline, whose margins have shot as much as contact a three-year excessive.

The 2 Indian tycoons are stepping in at a time when many developed international locations are scrambling for different sources of fuels as they attempt to again away from Russian provides. This month, the Group of Seven most-industrialized nations pledged to ban imports of Russian oil. The disruption has additionally introduced the main target again on the necessity for extra coal, the dirtiest fossil the world has vowed to section out to chop emissions.

Although Adani, 59, and Ambani, 65, have unveiled a mixed $142 billion in inexperienced investments over the subsequent few many years in a pivot away from coal and oil — the bedrock of their empires — they’re additionally discovering it arduous to kick the fossil-fuel behavior because the battle stokes demand. International coal demand is anticipated to rise to a file stage in 2022 and keep there by way of 2024, in accordance with the Worldwide Vitality Company.

The struggle has created a tailwind for fossil fuel-based companies in India, mentioned Chakri Lokapriya, managing director and chief funding officer at TCG Advisory Providers Pvt. in Mumbai.

“The collateral harm is that fossil fuels will proceed to play a significant function the subsequent 20 years or extra,” he mentioned, including that it was ample time to reap advantages from carbon-based investments.

Representatives for Adani Group and Reliance Industries didn’t reply to an e mail requesting feedback.

Surge in coal, diesel, gasoline prices help Adani, Ambani

Bullishness in coal costs helped flagship agency Adani Enterprises Ltd. clock a 30% soar in revenue for the three months ended March — the very best in six quarters — whereas surging costs of petroleum merchandise aided Reliance, which posted one in every of its greatest quarterly earnings ever.

Shares of Reliance and Adani Enterprises soared 19% and 42% respectively between Feb. 24, when the invasion started, and finish of April, earlier than a world inventory rout worn out a few of these features. Adani has added about $26 billion to his wealth because the struggle began, taking his web value to nearly $107 billion, in accordance with the Bloomberg Billionaires Index. Ambani’s fortune swelled by nearly $8 billion to $92.4 billion.

It isn’t simply these two Indian billionaires benefiting from the commodities surge. Others embody US oil and gasoline tycoons Harold Hamm, Richard Kinder and Michael S. Smith, and Indonesia’s Low Tuck Kwong, the boss of coal mining firm PT Bayan Assets, who’ve all seen their wealth improve this 12 months.

Nearly 60% of Reliance’s income comes from oil-refining and petrochemicals, the mainstay enterprise based by Ambani’s late father. Since inheriting it in 2002, Ambani has been lowering the conglomerate’s dependence on oil-refining by diversifying into retail, telecommunications and expertise.

The Reliance Industries Ltd. oil refinery in Jamnagar, Gujarat, India
Surging costs of petroleum merchandise has helped increase Reliance’s earnings [File: Bloomberg]

India has purchased thousands and thousands of barrels of Urals crude within the spot market because the finish of February, in accordance with knowledge compiled by Bloomberg. Whereas flows of Russian oil into India aren’t sanctioned, the South Asian nation has repeatedly mentioned that these shipments are minuscule in comparison with Europe’s purchases and symbolize a tiny fraction of the nation’s complete consumption. In addition they present some aid at a time when inflationary pressures are growing. India’s client costs rose essentially the most in eight years in April.

“We’ve minimized feedstock price by sourcing arbitrage barrels,” Reliance’s Joint Chief Monetary Officer V. Srikanth informed reporters on Might 6, with out offering particulars. “General demand drivers are very promising,” he mentioned referring to the sturdy comeback in demand for fossil fuels.

Refiners in India exported 3.37 million tons of diesel in March, the very best since April 2020, when abroad gross sales have been a file 3.4 million tons as native demand plummeted in the course of the Covid-19 lockdown, in accordance with knowledge on Petroleum Planning and Evaluation Cell’s web site. Gasoline exports reached a five-year excessive of 1.6 million tons.

Coal has seen an equally sturdy comeback in current months. “Folks had begun to put in writing coal’s obituary two-three years again, however at present, it appears, coal’s days should not over but,” Pramod Agrawal, chairman of state-miner Coal India Ltd. informed traders this month.

For first-generation entrepreneur Adani, coal is central to his empire. He has invested greater than $3 billion in coal mines in India, Australia and Indonesia. His Carmichael mine in Queensland, which has been a goal of environmental activists together with Greta Thunberg for years, began transport the gasoline solely this 12 months.

A man protesting an Adani coal mine in Australia
Gautam Adani’s Carmichel coal mine in Australia has been a goal of surroundings activists [File: Bloomberg]

In a Might 4 earnings name, Adani Enterprises mentioned it plans to lift the annual capability of the Carmichael mine to fifteen million tons within the 12 months by way of March 2023, about 50% greater than what its board permitted for the primary section of the undertaking. It plans to export as many as seven capesize cargoes a month, director Vinay Prakash mentioned on the decision.

The “geopolitical state of affairs” is anticipated to maintain coal costs sturdy for now, however how lengthy this lasts is “anybody’s guess,” Prakash informed traders.