Scientists call for immediate rollout of Covid jab for UK primary school children | Coronavirus

Scientists are calling for the instant rollout of Covid vaccines to primary-aged youngsters, as new information means that even a single dose of the Pfizer jab helps to forestall older youngsters towards an infection, and shortens the length and severity of signs in the event that they do get contaminated.

In line with the newest information from the Workplace for Nationwide Statistics, 2- to 11-year-olds have the best fee of infections of any UK age group, with 4.2% testing optimistic through the week ending 5 March. Secondary-aged youngsters (as much as 12 months 11) have the bottom fee of infections, with 2.4% testing optimistic.

The UK’s Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI) accredited the vaccination of wholesome 5- to 11-year-olds on 16 February. On the time, Sajid Javid stated the NHS would put together to increase this “non-urgent” vaccination supply to all youngsters throughout April “to extend safety towards potential future waves of Covid-19” – however mother and father are nonetheless unable to e book an appointment, and it’s unclear how vaccines will probably be delivered to this age group.

Some scientists concern {that a} new wave is now quick approaching – and with barely any primary-aged youngsters vaccinated, and solely round 1 / 4 of 12- to 15-year-olds having obtained a second dose.

“I simply don’t perceive what the shortage of urgency and the complacency is,” stated Dr Stephen Griffin, a virologist on the College of Leeds. “The BA.2 variant is surging throughout Europe, and children are nonetheless going to be at college by to the summer season.”

He added that whereas the chance of Covid to youngsters is small, “it’s magnified vastly when the virus is so prevalent”. Latest information revealed by the US Centres for Illness Management steered that unvaccinated 5- to 11-year-olds had been thrice extra more likely to be admitted to hospital throughout January, in comparison with those that had obtained two vaccine doses.

Russell Viner, a professor of kid and adolescent well being at College School London, stated whereas there have been pragmatic and technical challenges related to the mass vaccination of youthful youngsters, these points ought to have been overcome by now. “I do imagine there’s an argument to get on with this,” he stated.

“The medical arguments are marginal for kids, however as soon as the choice has been made that the vaccine is protected, has some effectiveness, and on stability, mother and father ought to be capable of decide in for his or her youngsters in the event that they so want, there’s an fairness argument to say that the system now must ship that for kids.

“Youngsters have been behind the queue for advantages proper throughout this pandemic. If they’re entitled to a vaccination, they need to have entry to it if they need it.”

Irene Petersen, a professor of epidemiology and well being informatics at College School London, stated if the vaccines are going to have any impression it will be important that they’re given earlier than an outbreak. Vaccinating youthful youngsters now, may also allow them to obtain a second dose earlier than the Autumn. In line with JCVI steerage, 5- to 11-year-olds shouldn’t be provided a second dose till at the least 12 weeks after their first jab.

Their warnings got here as new information steered a single dose of the Pfizer vaccine nearly eradicated the chance of reinfection for at the least 100 days for 12- to 17-year-olds who had recovered from Covid.

The examine, which has not but been peer-reviewed, analysed information from 115,775 British adolescents, whose mother and father reported their signs and vaccination standing by way of the Zoe Covid symptom examine app.

It additionally steered {that a} single vaccine dose decreased the chance of an infection with Omicron by 53.7% at 14–30 days, rising to 57.9% at 31–60 days, and by 63.7% after 61–90 days.

Amongst 12- to 15-year-olds who did turn out to be contaminated with Omicron, the next signs had been much less frequent amongst those that’d obtained a single vaccine dose: lack of scent, fever, low urge for food, stomach pains, and muscle ache.

Senior writer Prof Emma Duncan from King’s School London stated the findings highlighted the advantages of being vaccinated – each by way of safety from sickness, and avoiding additional disruption to youngsters’s training. “Our information counsel that even a single dose decreases the possibility of getting contaminated, and that profit is seen much more in these individuals who have had a earlier an infection,” she stated.

This text was amended on 16 March 2022. In an earlier model the subheading incorrectly stated the JCVI was calling for the instant rollout of jabs for youthful youngsters.