‘We have to be careful’: why are masks still worn in Japan and South Korea? | Japan


For greater than two years, the individuals of Japan and South Korea have been united by their embrace of little white rectangles. Whereas the US and nations in Europe debated the efficacy of masks at first of the Covid-19 pandemic, Japanese and South Koreans shortly coated up, uncomplainingly and with few exceptions.

Explanations for the wildly contrasting coronavirus demise tolls in developed nations are many and diversified, however in north-east Asia – greater than anyplace else – mask-wearing has been on the forefront of the general public well being response to the virus.

However with circumstances stabilising in Japan and South Korea, are individuals now prepared to stay with out their masks?

This month, South Korea, which has recorded 23,606 Covid-19 deaths in its inhabitants of 52 million, ended a requirement for masks to be worn outside – aside from gatherings of fifty or extra individuals – however stored the mandate for indoors and public transport.

Choi Il-woo, a Seoul workplace employee, mentioned he had loved eradicating his masks final week. “With summer season approaching, it feels so good to lastly be capable of take off my masks after I go for a stroll,” he mentioned. “However there are nonetheless lots of people sporting masks on the streets, so I believe we nonetheless must watch out.”

Authorities officers cited a downward development in day by day circumstances of Covid-19 after its most up-to-date wave, pushed by the Omicron variant, peaked in mid-March.

In Japan, the place simply over 30,000 individuals have died from the virus, the approaching arrival of a protracted, humid summer season and the elevated danger of heatstroke prompted some consultants and officers to name for an finish to recommendation to put on face coverings outside.

People wearing protective masks stand in front of an electronic stock board showing Japan's Nikkei 225 index
There was extensive acceptance of face coverings in Japan. {Photograph}: Eugene Hoshiko/AP

“We suggest that individuals take off their masks outdoors so long as ample distance is maintained, particularly when temperatures and humidity are excessive,” mentioned Hirokazu Matsuno, the chief cupboard secretary.

Regardless of the extensive acceptance of face coverings in Japan, some have voiced frustration that, greater than two years into the pandemic, there are few indicators of a return to a largely maskless existence, whilst restrictions are eased or deserted in different nations.

Akino Yoshihara, an interpreter dwelling in Kyoto, mentioned she would really feel “far more comfy” with no masks however would proceed to put on hers to forestall the unfold of the virus. “Even when the federal government encourages us to take away our masks, I’m positive many individuals would nonetheless put on them,” she mentioned.

Toshio Nakagawa, president of the Japan Medical Affiliation, prompt face coverings may stay the norm for the foreseeable future. “I consider that the day individuals can cease sporting masks won’t ever are available Japan as long as the nation continues seeing coronavirus circumstances,” he mentioned.

Japan’s authorities recommends face coverings at colleges and workplaces and in different settings with massive numbers of individuals, and encourages them to keep away from the “three Cs” – close-contact settings, closed areas and crowded locations.

The nation has trusted excessive ranges of public acceptance for mask-wearing and different anti-virus measures, since its authorities doesn’t have the authorized energy to impose lockdowns or make face coverings necessary.

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In a rustic the place mask-wearing is frequent through the flu and hay fever seasons, few complained about persevering with the behavior all through the pandemic. And with summer season approaching, there are few indicators that persons are able to abandon their masks, nonetheless uncomfortable they might be on the hottest time of the yr.

In response to a survey by Nippon Data, greater than 50% of respondents wished to proceed utilizing masks, with 22% saying they’d put on theirs “on a regular basis”. Solely 13.5% mentioned they wished to solid them off altogether.

Misae Minami solely removes hers throughout her morning runs, when there are few individuals round. “I all the time maintain my masks on outside if there are individuals inside 2 metres of me,” mentioned Minami, a trainer in Osaka, including that she had no plans to vary her behaviour. “We nonetheless really feel numerous strain to put on masks, and as a trainer I all the time have to inform my college students to maintain theirs on. I’ve to be a task mannequin.”

Kim Ki-kyung, an workplace employee in Seoul, mentioned he barely observed his masks, on condition that it had been a necessary accoutrement for thus lengthy. “Additionally, I don’t want to consider grooming or my facial expressions, and it helps defend towards air pollution resembling high-quality mud. And you need to put on one once you go indoors, so it’s annoying to take it on and off.”

Whereas Japan has a tiny anti-mask motion, peer strain to remain coated up may very well be overwhelming, mentioned Yuki Nakagome, a Tokyo-based author who has began reducing his masks on heat days when nobody else is round. “There’s a sure strain to maintain sporting masks that could be peculiar to Japanese society, and I don’t see that strain shifting in the other way,” he mentioned. “Nobody desires to be the primary particular person to take away their masks.”

Raphael Rashid contributed reporting from Seoul.

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